Wednesday, November 20, 2013

Popular IELTS Writing Topics for Academic Module Task 1

Candidates for the International English Language Testing System examination or the IELTS are all feeling nervous when it comes to the writing assessment. A lot of candidates think that the IELTS writing is a very difficult task especially the task in the Academic Module. As what most candidates know, the writing test in the Academic Module is much more challenging than in the General training Module. What makes the writing task 1 difficult is the level of difficulty it poses to its candidates. The questions promote analytical thinking; hence, serious training and practice in writing essays on this type is a must. 

The candidates are asked to write a descriptive essay based on a graph or diagram. The number of words the candidate has to write should be at least 150 words. Now here are some popular IELTS writing topics commonly used in the Academic Module Task 1.

• Questions on population 

The table below presents the number of children ever born to women aged 40-44 years in Australia for each year the information was collected since 1981.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Number of children ever born, Women aged 40–44 years






Four or


One
Two
Three
more

None
child
children
children
children
year
%
%
%
%
%
2006
15.9
13.2
38.3
21.5
11.0
1996
12.8
11.3
38.2
24.6
13.1
1986
9.7
8.7
35.6
27.0
18.9
1981
8.5
7.6
29.0
27.4
27.6
Source: ABS Births Australia 2001, 2006 (3301.0)














The graphs below provide information on global population figures and figures for urban populations in different world regions.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.


• Questions on processes

The diagram below shows the production of steam using a gas cooled nuclear reactor.



Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.



The following diagram shows how greenhouse gases trap energy from the Sun.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.




• Questions on expenditures

The table below shows the monthly expenditure of an average Australian family in 1991 and 2001.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.



1991
2001
Australian Dollar Per Month
 Food
155
160 
 Electricity and Water
75
120 
 Clothing
30 
20 
 Housing
95 
100 
 Transport
70 
45 
 Other goods and services*
250 
270 
 Total
675
715
*Other goods and services: non-essential goods and services




The table below gives information on consumer spending on different items in five different countries in 2002.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.



Source of graphs: http://www.ielts-exam.net/


What is the advantage of knowing these types of questions and examples?

First, the candidates will be prepared on what to expect on the questions. This will be an avenue for them to practice and create essays that will hone their skills in interpreting data and diagrams. Aside from that, the familiarity among question types poses a huge benefit. When a candidate is familiar with the question, he or she can easily manipulate on the figures on the data.

To be more familiar with these types of questions, it is best to be involved in IELTS classes and be better in writing.

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