Monday, November 24, 2014

Tips and Techniques on the Rules of Grammar

Many non-native English speakers admit that they have a hard time studying the English language. First, the English language has a very broad vocabulary. Words can be synonymous to one another but should be used appropriately in sentences. Second, the sentence structure is different. Finally, the grammar rules are quite a handful that it will take years for one to understand each rule. Indeed, learning English can be tough and challenging. People spend months and even years to be very well at it.

Here is a guide on non-native English speakers on how they can improve their skills in the English language through studying the English grammar.

1. Know the 8 parts of speech. Each part of speech plays a vital role in creating logical sentences. You have to know which word modifies which word to make a grammatically correct sentence. As a review, the eight parts of speech include the following: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections.

2. Study the five basic sentence patterns. Good sentences are constructed through these patterns. Remember the verbs that need an object and those who do not. The 5 basic English patterns are:

  • Subject – Verb
  • Subject – Verb – Complement
  • Subject – Verb – Object
  • Subject – Verb – Indirect Object – Direct Object
  • Subject – Verb – Object – Object Complement

3. Use pronouns correctly. They should agree in number, case, and gender. Always remember to have their antecedents in the sentences to avoid confusion.

4. Tenses are very important. You have to know the time when the action happens, happened or will happen. The consistency of the tenses is a huge factor in your responses.

5. Use the active and the passive voices correctly. Do not stick to one voice of verb in your responses. Create sentences that utilizes both and you will see the big difference.

6. Be careful with run-on sentences. Make sure that you make compound sentences with a comma and a coordinating conjunction (for, and, not, but, or, yet, so).

7. Fragments should be avoided both in speaking and writing. Write full sentences with a subject and a verb.

8. Misplaced modifiers are usual mistakes. Modifiers should be placed near the noun or words that they modify.

9. Dangling modifiers happen if there is no noun to be modified. Check sentences making sure that modifiers have their nouns being modified.

10. There are a lot of prepositions in the English language. It could be pretty hard to memorize all the rules; however, one trick is to be familiar with their usage.

11. Punctuations should be used accordingly. Commas and periods are the most commonly used punctuations; hence, learners of the English language should know the rules on these two.

12. Tag questions are usually used in speaking. Anyone should remember that a positive sentence gets a negative and vice versa.

13. Phrasal verbs are a combination of verbs and prepositions that create a different meaning when used together. For example, take off can mean remove something or a plane starting to ascend. They have a number of meanings, so knowing them will come in handy in writing and speaking responses.

14. Parallelism is commonly overlooked in making sentences. Unparallel sentences sound okay, but they are generally wrong for not being balanced. This is needed to be revised in essays or any writing output.

15. Subject and verb agreement. Always bear in mind that a singular subject takes a singular verb. Be sure to find the subject in the sentence. Know if it’s singular or plural, then creating a verb for that will not be that difficult.

The English grammar may seem complicated if a student’s mind is prejudiced with its complexity. Learners should understand that English is easy with the right knowledge and constant application of the rules in grammar.