Thursday, February 23, 2017

Basic Sentence Patterns

When you take the IELTS exam, you are assessed based on how well you responded to each task. This means that examiners are particular with the quality of your answers—clarity and accuracy. Training facilities equip students with programs that allow them to enhance their skills. For instance, IELTS review centers in the Philippines provide various reference materials that expose students to different versions of the English language (e.g., American, Australian, British, Canadian, etc.). This is essential as some terms may vary in construction or pronunciation, but similar in context. For example, the British term for “truck” (American) is “lorry.” In addition, an IELTS training center in Baguio emphasizes the importance of constructing sentences in conveying messages or responses.

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Are you familiar with the basic sentence patterns? A sentence pattern refers to words that are put together to form a complete sentence. Meanwhile, a complete sentence has a subject and a predicate.

Here are the basic sentence patterns:

1.    Subject-Verb (S-V)

The subject refers to the doer (who or what) of the action. It is usually a noun or a pronoun. Meanwhile, the verb is an action word. It varies in terms of kinds and tenses.
  • Example 1: Cairo sleeps. (Cairo is the subject, while sleeps is the verb.)
  • Example 2: Cairo is eating. (Cairo is the subject, while is eating is the verb in present progressive tense.)
  • Example 3: Cairo will take obedience lessons tomorrow. (Cairo is the subject, while will take is the verb in simple future tense.)
  • Example 4: The food may have upset Cairo’s stomach. (Food is the subject, while may have upset is a modal verb.)
  • Example 5: We brought Cairo to the veterinarian yesterday. (We is the subject, while brought is the verb in past tense.)
2.    Subject-Verb-Object (S-V-O)

The object refers to the receiver of the action. (Transitive action verbs are often used in this pattern. They are used with an object that pertains to a person or a thing.)
  • Example 1: Viktor loves chocolates.  (Viktor is the subject, loves is the verb and chocolates is the object.)
  • Example 2: Viktor loves to eat dark chocolates. (Viktor is the subject, eat is the verb and dark chocolates is the object.)
  • Example 3: He could not make it to the meeting today. (He is the subject, make is the verb and it is the object.
  • Example 4: Viktor shares his chocolates with Cyrus. (Viktor is the subject, shares is the verb and his chocolates is the object.)
  • Example 5: The manager sent the employee a letter. (Manager is the subject, sent is the verb and employee is the object.
3.    Subject-Verb-Adjective (S-V-Adj)

An adjective is a descriptive word used to modify a noun. The type of verb commonly used in this pattern is the linking verb.
  • Example 1: Kevin looks attractive. (Kevin is the subject, looks is the verb and attractive is the adjective.)
  • Example 2: George is sick. (George is the subject, is is the verb and sick is the adjective.)
  • Example 3: Kevin appears very relaxed while talking to George. (Kevin is the subject, appears is the verb and relaxed is the adjective.)
4.    Subject-Verb-Adverb (S-V-Adv)

An adverb modifies a noun, an adjective, a verb or another adverb. It answers the questions: when, where, how and to what degree or extent. The type of verb commonly used in this pattern is the linking verb.
  • Example 1: Suzy sleeps in the kennel. (Suzy is the subject, sleeps is the verb and in the kennel is the adverb. The adverb here answers “where.”)
  • Example 2: Suzy eats at nine in the morning. (Suzy is the subject, eats is the verb and nine in the morning is the adverb. The adverb here answers “when.”)
  • Example 3: She likes treats so much. (She is the subject, likes is the verb and so much is the adverb. The adverb here answers “to what extent.”)
  • Example 4:  She barks sometimes. (She is the subject, barks is the verb and sometimes is the adverb. The adverb here answers “how often.”)
5.    Subject-Verb-Noun (S-V-N)

A noun denotes a person, place, thing, animal, event, etc. The type of verb commonly used in this pattern is the linking verb.
  • Example 1: Cairo is a Belgian Malinois. (Cairo is the subject, is is the verb and Belgian Malinois is the noun.)
  • Example 2: We brought the dogs to the park. (We is the subject, brought is the verb and dogs is the noun.)
  • Example 3: The family is going on a vacation. (Family is the subject, is going is the verb and vacation is the noun.)
 Benefits of knowing how to construct sentences appropriately:

•    Express oneself clearly – This is especially helpful in crafting your responses for the IELTS exam. An IELTS center in Baguio emphasizes the importance of being able to convey messages clearly to reap an acceptable band score in the exam.

•    Widen vocabulary (and comprehension) and accurate word usage – Have you noticed how each pattern differs from another?  After the subject and verb, an adjective, an adverb, a noun or an object comes next. Being familiar with the pattern allows you what kind of words to use.

•    Basis for editing and revising – It is highly suggested that when you finish writing your piece, you read it through and look up for errors in spelling, grammar and construction. When you enroll in an IELTS review center in the Philippines, it explains the importance of editing your responses/tasks before submitting them to the examiner. Doing so gives you a chance to correct and enhance typos, wrong grammar, incomprehensible sentences or paragraphs and more.

Having a good command of sentence skills can guarantee effective communication not only for the IELTS preparation and exam but also for daily activities. For example, in school, you are able to express your thoughts and elaborate concepts concisely; in the workplace, you are able to foster and maintain professional and harmonious relationships with your colleagues; in daily situations, you are able to establish and strengthen social relationships.

References:
  • "Basic Sentence Structures in the English Language." Really Learn English. Accessed January 05, 2017. http://www.really-learn-english.com/sentence-structure.html.
  • "Basic sentence structure ." ESLGold.com. Accessed January 05, 2017. http://www.eslgold.com/grammar/basic_sentence.html.
  • Alysia. "Why ESL Learners Can't Live Without Sentence Patterns." TalktoCanada. Accessed January 05, 2017. http://www.talktocanada.com/blog/why-esl-learners-cant-live-without-sentence-patterns/.
  • OCadiz, Maria. "The Importance of Good Command of Sentence Skills." Synonym. Accessed January 05, 2017. http://classroom.synonym.com/importance-good-command-sentence-skills-5527.html.


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