Monday, June 5, 2017

Smart Composition Strategies Part 2

Enrolling in an IELTS review center secures the acquisition of English language knowledge and skills needed to ace the IELTS examination. There are various IELTS Philippines review centers that offer study sessions based on the student's intellectual demands.

ielts writing

The IELTS review center courses tackle the fundamental of the most crucial topics in every component. Among the subjects discussed in IELTS Philippines preparatory classes is sentence construction. Properly constructed verses even the flow of communication. Hence, it is significant to differentiate sentences from clauses and phrases.

PHRASE


A phrase is a group of words that express a thought. Unlike a clause, it does not need to contain a subject-verb pair. It can be short or quite long. There are seven types of phrases.

1.    Noun Phrase includes a noun and modifiers. It functions as a subject, object, and filler.  It follows this pattern:

OPTIONAL MODIFIER(S)   +    NOUN   +     OPTIONAL MODIFIER(S)

Example:
                 The IELTS          +               review materials
                 Modifier                                       Noun

2.    Verb Phrase is a multi-word verb that is used to express action and condition. It follows this pattern:

AUXILIARY VERB(S)   +   MAIN VERB    +   VERB ENDING (if necessary)

Example:
                Should have been              +                 study            +          -ing
                 Auxiliary verb                                      Main verb               Verb ending

3.    Prepositional Phrase starts with a preposition and ends with a noun, pronoun, gerund, or clause. If used as an adjective, it answers which. Meanwhile, when used as an adverb, it addresses how, when, or where. It often has one or more modifiers. It follows this pattern.

PREPOSITION    +   NOUN/ PRONOUN/ GERUND/ CLAUSE     +    MODIFIERS(S)  +  NOUN/PRONOUN/GERUND/CLAUSE

Example:
                From         +          studying     +       excessively
        Preposition                    Gerund                 Modifier


4.    Infinitive Phrase begins with an infinitive and often includes objects/ modifiers to complete the thought. It can function as a noun, adjective, or adverb.  It follows this pattern:

INFINITIVE           +         OBJECT(S) and/or MODIFIER(S)

Example:
                To ace         +         the IELTS           +       exam
             Infinitive                     Modifiers                   Object

5.    Participle Phrase begins with a participle. Present participle ends with -ing, and past participle ends in -ed. It follows this pattern.

PARTICIPLE          +             OBJECT(S) and/or MODIFIER(S)

Example:
               Driven by      +       IELTS goals
                Participle                   Object    

6.    Gerund Phrase starts with words ending in –ing and often includes modifiers and/or objects. Keep in mind that Gerund phrases always function as nouns. It follows this pattern:
GERUND           +         OBJECT(S) and/or MODIFIER(S)
Example:
                Reviewing          +       the IELTS online notes
               Gerund                            Object/Modifier

7.    Absolute Phrase combines noun and participle. It follows this pattern:
NOUN          +        PARTICIPLE       +     OPTIONAL MODIFIER(S) and/or OBJECT(S)
Example:
                Review materials      +     piling up     +      the cabinet
                       Noun                           Participle             Modifiers/Objects

Smart phrases fuel cleverly constructed sentences. Avoid grammatical mistakes to guarantee achievement of your band score goal.


REFERENCES:

  • "Clause, phrase and sentence." Learn English | British Council. Accessed March 21, 2017. http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/clause-phrase-and-sentence.
  • YourDictionary. "Phrase Examples." YourDictionary. July 14, 2016. Accessed March 21, 2017. http://examples.yourdictionary.com/phrase-examples.html.
  • Simmons, Robin L. "The Phrase." Grammar Bytes! :: The Phrase. Accessed March 21, 2017. http://www.chompchomp.com/terms/phrase.htm.

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