Friday, September 21, 2018

IELTS Writing Tips: How to Use Relative Clauses


Did you know that using various types of sentences is the key to get a high band score in the IELTS writing test? As a student enrolled in an IELTS UKVI review center, it is important that you understand the four types of a sentence such as simple, compound, complex and compound-complex.

However, most test takers find it hard to construct good complex sentences in their essays. To help you overcome this and boost your IELTS training, check out these writing tips on how to use relative clauses in complex sentences.


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What Is a Relative Clause?

A relative clause plays an important role when constructing complex sentences. This clause contains a subject and a verb, but can’t stand alone as a sentence. Relative clauses always begin with a “relative pronoun” that replaces a noun, a noun phrase, or a pronoun in a sentence.

Do you want to know more? For test takers enrolled in an IELTS UKVI review center, here are five things that you should know about relative clauses:

       1.    A relative clause modifies a noun. This means that it must always come after the noun it modifies.

The man who stole my wallet has been arrested.
In this sentence, the relative clause “who stole my wallet” comes after the noun “man.”

       2.    When using a relative clause, the sentence should have an independent and dependent clause.
My aunt, who was born in Singapore, lived most of her life overseas.
The relative clause “who was born in Singapore” is between the dependent clause “My aunt” and the independent clause “lived most of her life overseas.”

       3.    The verb in the relative clause must agree with the noun it modifies.
I have just watched Psycho (1960), which is one of the scariest films of the 1960s, with my friends last night.
The verb “is” in the relative clause “which is one of the scariest films of the 60’s” agrees with the noun “Psycho” in the sentence.

       4.    When giving additional information, use the following pronouns: who, whom, whose, and which.

Who: Paul, who lives near the woods, is not frightened by owls.
Whom: He finally met Paul McCartney, whom he had always admired, last night.
Whose: The gunman, whose mask had slipped, escaped.
Which: The table which is in front of the TV is broken.

        5.    A relative clause with a quantifier or number is also allowed in a sentence.

Quantifier: The media, many of whom had heard the speech before, decided to leave the press conference of the president.
Number: Two cases of dengue, one of which has ended fatally, have occurred here.

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